Monday, March 15, 2010

Unity in Diversity: Rig Veda(10.129)" nAsadIya sUkta (6)

Unity in Diversity in SanAtana is grounded in the Rig Veda, It may well have originated in the charming humility of the Nasadiya verse :Rig Veda(10.129)
“[In the beginning] there was neither being nor non-being … [but] who really knows? … [for] the gods came afterwards.” This questioning attitude, might also have led to the invention of a god whose name was the interrogative pronoun, [ka.] For the creator once asked Indra, “Who am I?” Indra replied, “Just what you said: Who.” And this is how the creator got the name, Ka or Who.
In all humility, and with due reverence to all the sages and scholars who have interpreted the famous 'nAsadIya sUkta', I have attempted a compilation of some interpretations of the SUkta, adding my own thoughts to the discussions.
It is intended to lay a basis for further meditation on it.All the seven verses will be taken up one by one.
To gain consensus on translation, many available ones are given.

Text Interpretations
ko addhA veda ka iha pravochat | kut AjAtA kut iyaM visRuShTiH |
arvAgdevA asya visarjanAya | athA ko veda yata AbabhUva || 6 ||

Vivekananda:
Who knew the way? Who there declared
Whence this arose? Projection whence?
For after this projection came the gods.
Who therefore knew indeed, came out this whence?

Krishnananda:
But, after all, who knows, and who can say
Whence it all came, and how creation happened?
the gods themselves are later than creation,
so who knows truly whence it has arisen?

Wilson, HH:
Who really knows? Who in this world may declare it!
whence was this creation, whence was it engendered?
The gods (were) subsequent to the (world's) creation;
so who knows whence it arose?

Max Mueller:
Who then knows, who has declared it here,
from whence was born this Creation?
The gods came later than this creation,
who then knows whence it arose?

Raimundo Panikkar
Who really knows? Who can presume to tell it?
Whence was it born? Whence issued this creation?
Even the Gods came after its emergence.
Then who can tell from whence it came to be?

addhA - certainly, truly, manifestly; pravacha - declare, announce, expose; AjAta - born; visRuShTi - creation, production (secondary creation in Puranas); arvAk - behind in time or space; devaH - gods, the Devas; visarjana - creating (RV), sending forth, dismissal;

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