Friday, March 12, 2010

Unity in Diversity: Rig Veda(10.129)" nAsadIya sUkta (2)

Unity in Diversity in SanAtana is grounded in the Rig Veda, It may well have originated in the charming humility of the Nasadiya verse :Rig Veda(10.129)
“[In the beginning] there was neither being nor non-being … [but] who really knows? … [for] the gods came afterwards.” This questioning attitude,might also have led to the invention of a god whose name was the interrogative pronoun, [ka.] For the creator once asked Indra, “Who am I?” Indra replied, “Just what you said: Who.” And this is how the creator got the name, Ka or Who.
In all humility, and with due reverence to all the sages and scholars who have interpreted the famous 'nAsadIya sUkta', I have attempted a compilation of some interpretations of the SUkta, adding my own thoughts to the discussions.
It is intended to lay a basis for further meditation on it.All the seven verses will be taken up one by one.
To gain consensus on translation, many available ones are given.


Unity in Diversity: Rig Veda(10.129)" nAsadIya sUkta (2)

Text Interpretations

na mRutyurAsIdamRutaM na tarhi | na rAtryA ahna AsItpraketaH |
AnIdavAtaM svadhayA tadekaM | tasmAddhAnyannaparaH ki~jchanAsa || 2 ||

Vivekananda:
Death was not then, nor immortality,
The night was neither separate from day,
But motionless did That vibrate
Alone, with Its own glory one-—Beyond That nothing did exist.

Krishnananda:
Then there was neither death nor immortality
nor was there then the torch of night and day.
The One breathed windlessly and self-sustaining.
There was that One then, and there was no other.

Wilson, HH:
Death was not nor at that period immortality,
there was no indication of day or night;
That One unbreathed upon breathed of his own strength,
other than That there was nothing whatever.

Max Mueller:
There was no death, hence was there nothing immortal.
There was no light (distinction) between night and day.
That One breathed by itself without breath,
other than it there has been nothing.

Raimundo Panikkar
There was no death then, nor yet deathlessness;
of night or day there was not any sign.
The One breathed without breath by its own impulse.
Other than that was nothing at all.


mRutyu - death; AsIda - come to; tarhi - at that time, then, if then, in that case, if so, because of that, so (therefore);
AnAhaH - binding, swelling; Anila - proceeding from or produced by wind; svadhaya - according to one's habit or pleasure, spontaneously, freely, willingly; tad - that; ekam - one.
tasmAt - therefore, from that, on that account; anya - another, other than that, opposed to; para - supreme, highest, best or worst, previous or following; chanas - delight, satisfaction; to delight in, enjoy, be satisfied with.

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